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Knee Bursitis : The Role of Physiotherapy in Rehabilitation

Knee bursitis is a common condition that affects many individuals, causing pain, swelling, and discomfort in the knee joint. It is characterised by inflammation of the bursa, a small fluid-filled sac that acts as a cushion between the bones, tendons, and muscles around the knee joint. The condition can be caused by repetitive stress, trauma, arthritis.Any of the bursa in your knee can become inflamed, but knee bursitis most commonly occurs over the kneecap or on the inner side of your knee below the joint.Knee bursitis causes pain and can limit your mobility.

Physiotherapy plays a crucial role in the rehabilitation of individuals with knee bursitis. The primary goal of physiotherapy is to reduce pain, improve range of motion, and strengthen the muscles around the knee joint. The physiotherapist will initially perform a thorough assessment to determine the severity and extent of the condition, and then develop an appropriate treatment plan tailored to the individual’s needs.

Treatment for knee bursitis often involves a combination of modalities, exercises, and manual therapy techniques. Range of motion exercises play a vital role in improving joint mobility and preventing stiffness. The Physiotherapist will guide the individual through specific stretches and movements to restore normal knee function. Strengthening exercises are also crucial in knee bursitis rehabilitation, as they help to stabilise the joint and reduce the risk of future injuries. These exercises target the muscles surrounding the knee, including the quadriceps, hamstrings, and calf muscles.

Manual therapy techniques, such as joint mobilizations and soft tissue mobilizations, may be employed by the physiotherapist to improve joint mechanics and address any muscle imbalances. These techniques can help to alleviate pain, reduce swelling, and improve overall function.

In addition to these treatment modalities, the physiotherapist will educate the individual on correct posture, body mechanics, and ergonomics to prevent any further aggravation of the condition. They may also provide advice on appropriate footwear, bracing if necessary.

The duration of physiotherapy treatment for knee bursitis varies depending on the severity of the condition and each individual’s response to therapy. It is essential for individuals to actively participate in their rehabilitation program and follow the advice and exercises prescribed by their physiotherapist.